People with known or suspected heart disease are most at risk to suffer a cardiac event during exercise. Individuals with multiple cardiovascular risk factors (smoking, hypertension, diabetes, high cholesterol) may also be at higher risk for exercise-induced cardiac events. People who are lead less active lifestyles are also at a much higher risk of suffering from a cardiac event while exercising. However, regular exercise actually reduces risk of an exercise-induced cardiac event. It is always prudent to consult your healthcare professional before starting a program of moderate to vigorous intensity exercise, or before increasing the exertion level of exercise.
Incorporating more physical activity into your daily life should not require permission of your healthcare professional. Low-level walking and light calisthenics, likewise, presents minimal risk and should be encouraged by your healthcare professional. However, prior to increasing to a program of higher exertion (i.e. moving to a moderate level program or moving to or starting a vigorous program) it is recommended that you consult your healthcare professional.
Cardiac risk can be minimized by: